ourpresidents:

The day before school was to start in Little Rock, Arkansas, Governor Orval Faubus ordered the state’s National Guard to surround Central High School to prevent entry of 9 African-American students.  It was September 2, 1957.

When state and local authorities failed to uphold the Federal Court orders for integration at Central High School, President Dwight Eisenhower sent in federal troops to enforce those orders.

Terrance Roberts was one of the students of the Little Rock Nine, in this picture he faces two Arkansas National guardsmen.

See more - The Little Rock School Integration Crisis

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ourpresidents:

Richard Nixon’s last meal at the White House.

-via How to Eat Like the President of the United States

Thanks, Smithsonian. We’re psyched for the Presidential Libraries close-up in your food history feature.

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ourpresidents:

Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as a Supreme Court Justice, the first African-American to do so.  October 2, 1967.

Here is the message of President Johnson nominating Marshall to be an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

More - Thurgood Marshall

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ourpresidents:

Day 11 - Cuban Missile Crisis

A Soviet-chartered freighter is stopped at the quarantine line and searched for contraband military supplies. None are found and the ship is allowed to proceed to Cuba. Photographic evidence shows accelerated construction of the missile sites and the uncrating of Soviet IL-28 bombers at Cuban airfields.

In a private letter, Fidel Castro urges Nikita Khrushchev to initiate a nuclear first strike against the United States in the event of an American invasion of Cuba.

John Scali, ABC News reporter, is approached by Aleksander Fomin of the Soviet embassy staff with a proposal for a solution to the crisis.

Later, a long, rambling letter from Khrushchev to Kennedy makes a similar offer: removal of the missiles in exchange for lifting the quarantine and a pledge that the U.S. will not invade Cuba.

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ourpresidents:

“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”

-Eleanor Roosevelt

She was the niece of Theodore, and the wife of Franklin D., but in her own right, Eleanor was a Roosevelt of singular leadership and vision. 

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born 127 years ago, on October 11, 1884.  Her father was Elliott Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt’s younger brother.    On March 17, 1905, she married her fifth cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and between 1906 and 1916, they became the parents of six children.   

With American entry in World War I, Eleanor became active in the American Red Cross and in volunteer work in Navy hospitals. In 1921, Franklin Roosevelt was stricken with polio causing Eleanor to become increasingly active in politics in part to help him maintain his interests but also to assert her own personality and goals.

Upon moving to the White House in 1933, Eleanor Roosevelt informed the nation that they should not expect their new first lady to be a symbol of elegance, but rather “plain, ordinary Mrs. Roosevelt.” Despite this disclaimer, she showed herself to be an extraordinary First Lady.

In 1933, Eleanor became the first, First Lady to hold her own press conference. In an attempt to afford equal time to women—who were traditionally barred from presidential press conferences—she allowed only female reporters to attend. 

Throughout FDR’s presidency, Eleanor traveled extensively around the nation, visiting relief projects, surveying working and living conditions - she was called “the President’s eyes, ears and legs.”  She became an advocate of the rights and needs of the poor, of minorities, and of the disadvantaged.

After President Roosevelt’s death on April 12, 1945, Eleanor continued in her public life. President Truman appointed her to the United Nations General Assembly. She served as chair of the Human Rights Commission and worked tirelessly to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was adopted by the General Assembly on December 10, 1948. 

In her later years, President John F. Kennedy appointed Eleanor Roosevelt  to the National Advisory Committee of the Peace Corps, and as the first chairperson of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women.  She died in 1962 in New York City and is buried next to FDR in Hyde Park, NY.

Happy birthday Eleanor Roosevelt!

-More Eleanor from the FDR Library


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ourpresidents:

“The future belongs to those who believe in the beauty of their dreams.”

-Eleanor Roosevelt

She was the niece of Theodore, and the wife of Franklin D., but in her own right, Eleanor was a Roosevelt of singular leadership and vision. 

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born 127 years ago, on October 11, 1884.  Her father was Elliott Roosevelt, President Theodore Roosevelt’s younger brother.    On March 17, 1905, she married her fifth cousin, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and between 1906 and 1916, they became the parents of six children.   

With American entry in World War I, Eleanor became active in the American Red Cross and in volunteer work in Navy hospitals. In 1921, Franklin Roosevelt was stricken with polio causing Eleanor to become increasingly active in politics in part to help him maintain his interests but also to assert her own personality and goals.

Upon moving to the White House in 1933, Eleanor Roosevelt informed the nation that they should not expect their new first lady to be a symbol of elegance, but rather “plain, ordinary Mrs. Roosevelt.” Despite this disclaimer, she showed herself to be an extraordinary First Lady.

In 1933, Eleanor became the first, First Lady to hold her own press conference. In an attempt to afford equal time to women—who were traditionally barred from presidential press conferences—she allowed only female reporters to attend. 

Throughout FDR’s presidency, Eleanor traveled extensively around the nation, visiting relief projects, surveying working and living conditions - she was called “the President’s eyes, ears and legs.”  She became an advocate of the rights and needs of the poor, of minorities, and of the disadvantaged.

After President Roosevelt’s death on April 12, 1945, Eleanor continued in her public life. President Truman appointed her to the United Nations General Assembly. She served as chair of the Human Rights Commission and worked tirelessly to draft the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which was adopted by the General Assembly on December 10, 1948. 

In her later years, President John F. Kennedy appointed Eleanor Roosevelt  to the National Advisory Committee of the Peace Corps, and as the first chairperson of the President’s Commission on the Status of Women.  She died in 1962 in New York City and is buried next to FDR in Hyde Park, NY.

Happy birthday Eleanor Roosevelt!

-More Eleanor from the FDR Library


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ourpresidents:

Mikhail Gorbachev will be at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library tonight.   Former Soviet President Gorbechev will give a talk in the LBJ Auditorium in Austin, Texas at 6 pm. 

Here is  Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev meeting with President Reagan and Vice-President Bush on Governor’s Island, New York.  The Empire State Building is seen behind them.  12/7/88.

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ourpresidents:

Mikhail Gorbachev will be at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library tonight.   Former Soviet President Gorbechev will give a talk in the LBJ Auditorium in Austin, Texas at 6 pm. 

Here is  Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev meeting with President Reagan and Vice-President Bush on Governor’s Island, New York.  The Empire State Building is seen behind them.  12/7/88.

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ourpresidents:

Mikhail Gorbachev will be at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library tonight.   Former Soviet President Gorbechev will give a talk in the LBJ Auditorium in Austin, Texas at 6 pm. 

Here is  Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev meeting with President Reagan and Vice-President Bush on Governor’s Island, New York.  The Empire State Building is seen behind them.  12/7/88.

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